Dog Breeds | English Cocker Spaniel


English Cocker Spaniel

The English Cocker Spaniel

The English Cocker Spaniel is a small dog with a happy disposition. They are more popular in England than in the United States. This very sturdy breed is good for hunting and as companion dogs.

Origin & History

The English Cocker Spaniel is of the Spaniel variety of which there are seven. They originated from England and are also called Merry Cocker because of their happy disposition. Two lines of English Cocker Spaniels were developed: the field dogs, and the show dogs. The field dogs have low maintenance and shorter coats. They are used as hunting dogs. The show dogs are more beautiful with their long coats and ears. Over the years, they developed into companion dogs, too.
The word Cocker in their name was derived from the woodcock that the breed originally hunted.

Details & Specifications

The English Cocker Spaniel weighs between 26 to 34 pounds and measure between 15 to 17 inches. Their lifespan is around 12 years. Being farm dogs they have strong and solid bodies. Their heads have smooth lines but they have strong jaws so they can carry whatever game they catch. As hunting dogs, they have wide nostrils and a keen sense of smell. Their coat length varies in length depending on the body part: short on the head, medium length on the body, but long on the underside and the legs. Their coat may be solid black or red or parti-color.


English Cocker Spaniels are excellent companions and pets aside from being hard working hunting dogs. As pets, they are loyal, affectionate, friendly even to strangers, and cheerful. This last trait one will see in their tails, which seem to be perpetually wagging. They are playful and can be great with children, but they do not like to be teased. It is wise to teach children how to properly deal with them. They are easy to please and can be devoted companions to their owners. As hunting dogs, they are very reliable and hard working. They have great stamina and persistence.


English Cocker Spaniels are easy to train due to their high intelligence and obedient nature. They can also be trained to do tricks.

Caring & Nurturing (Haircut, Fur treatment, washing)

Due to their long ears, the English Cocker Spaniels are prone to ear infections that can lead to deafness. It is important to keep their ears clean and dry to prevent this. They are also prone to skin allergies. Special care should be taken in choosing the shampoo that will be used for them. Their long coat needs a lot of grooming, combing, and brushing, especially during the shedding period. They also need to be given frequent baths.

Common Diseases

English Cocker Spaniels are healthy dogs and have minor health problems like skin allergies, eye problems, deafness, and benign tumors.

There are accounts of Rage Syndrome, a condition where the dog suddenly attacks without provocation that have been noted among Cocker Spaniels with solid and dark color coats.

Food, Equipment & Games

No special diet is required as long as it is well balanced.

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