The Airedale Terrier
The Airedale Terrier is an all-around dog. Its large size and working abilities as well as its very friendly and playful nature earns its label as the king of terriers. Their high level of intelligence makes them easy to pick up commands. They are very good companion dogs and also very protective. This dog can get along with children well, as well as with other pets in the house, given the proper socialization while still young.
Origin and History
Airedale Terriers were traditionally used to hunt vermin, guard the farm and track objects even in the water, as early as the 1800s in River Air, Scotland. During the outbreak of the World War I, this dog was used in military operations for their excellent tracking and obedience skills. The current Airedale is a product of a cross-breed between the native Waterside and Otterhound.
Details and Specifications
Airedale Terriers are large-sized dogs with height ranging from 22 to 24 inches and weighing between 50 and 65 pounds. They have either medium or short hair that sheds moderately and heavily during shedding season. The Airedale has a double coat, which is usually a tan color with black markings, or black with tan markings. A white patch on the chest is also noticeable and a slight reddish highlight is present at the back.
This extremely intelligent dog is very easy to pick-up commands and learns things fast, but it has a tendency to be independent and dominant when not properly trained and socialized. It is considered a very good family dog with its guarding skills and obedience. Airedales are generally good playmates for children but this dog has a tendency to be rough on smaller children whom the dog sees as submissive in the family.
Training should be done in a positive and consistent way. Though this dog is intelligent, trainers often find it hard to train them because of their slow process of maturity. However, Airedales are very good in obedience training. They should also be taught not to jump on people when excited or happy.
Caring and Nurturing (Haircut, Fur Treatment, Washing…)
Owners should regularly conduct hair stripping for Airedales, to remove dead hairs and prevent it from matting. Three to four times a week brushing is also needed to keep the dog’s hair from tangling. A grooming rake or pin bristle brush is recommended. The long beard should be washed often to remove food trapped into it. Ears and teeth should be checked regularly.
Generally, terriers like the Airedale are healthy dog breeds. But like other dogs, they are also prone to hip dysplasia, gastric torsions, skin allergies, and eye problems.
Food, Equipment & Games
Because Airedale terriers are prone to having dry skin and skin allergies, their food should contain ample amount of omega 3 fatty acids. They can be fed with vegetables, chicken, lamb and beef meat and fish, as well as eggs, cheese and milk. Protein content should not exceed 24%. They also like brown rice and oatmeal as sources of carbohydrates. Fiber content should be less than 4% while fat content should not exceed 20%.